Batteries may contain harmful metals and chemicals for instance nickel cadmium, alkaline, mercury, nickel metal hydride and lead acid, that may contaminate environmental surroundings otherwise disposed properly. As an example, when batteries containing cadmium is made use of in landfills, they're going to eventually dissolve and release the toxic substance which will seep into water supplies, posing serious health hazards to the population. This really is why recycling batteries turned out to be extremely important as it helps prevent pollution, and in addition saves resources.

The Recycling Process :

To start with, the batteries to become recycled are sorted consistent with chemistries for instance nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal-hydride, lithium, alkaline etc. The combustible material, for instance plastics and insulation, is now removed which has a gas fired thermal oxidizer, that is step one inside the recycling process. Most recycling plants have scrubbers in which the gases direct from thermal oxidizer are neutralized to remove pollutants, producing clean, naked cells that contain precious metal content.

The metal inside the batteries are then heated to liquefy, after they've been hacked into little pieces. Black slag left by burned out non-metallic substances are scraped off which has a slag arm, and also the different alloys that settle consistent with weight are skimmed off. Some plants pour the liquid metals directly into (65 pounds) or 'hogs' (2000 pounds) without separating your location, that then shipped to metal recovery plants to supply nickel, chromium and iron re-melt alloy to the manufacturing of other metal products.

State and Federal Regulations inside the United States :

The Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act was passed in 1996 via the U. S. Congress which requires regulated batteries for instance Ni-CD batteries and sealed lead-acid batteries to :

1. be easily removable from consumer products rebuild better to recover them for recycling
2. include inside the label the battery chemistry, the " three chasing arrows " symbol, and also a phrase that instructs users to properly recycle or dispose the battery
3. provide national uniformity in collection, storage, and transport
4. phase out using certain mercury-containing batteries

The Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC) :
(www. rbrc. org)

The United States Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC) was got wind of in 1994 being a non-profit, public service organization to assist and promote the recycling of portable rechargeable batteries for instance Nickel Cadmium (Ni-Cd), Nickel Metal Hydride (Ni-MH), Lithium Ion (Li-ion), and Small Sealed Lead. This also educates rechargeable power users about the advantages and accessibility of rechargeable battery recycling. However, RBRC only recycles batteries having RBRC Battery Recycling Seal. Manufacturers, marketers and collectors or rechargeable batteries or products involving them can contact RBRC at “licensee@rbrc. com” for better solutions. Other Contact Info :

RBRC
1000 Parkwood Circle
Suite 450
Atlanta, GA 30339
Ph : 678-419-9990
Fax : 678-419-9986

Recent Developments :

The mercury reduction in batteries, which had already started in 1984, remains continued today. As an example, batteries for instance those containing alkaline experienced a few 97 percent mercury reduction, and newer models may contain about one-tenth how much mercury previously within the typical alkaline battery, or can be zero-added mercury. Many mercury-free, heavy-duty, carbon-zinc batteries are now available as alternatives. Technology for instance silver-oxide and zinc-air button batteries contain less mercury so they're beginning to replace mercuric-oxide batteries. Nickel-cadmium batteries might be reprocessed to reclaim the nickel, and cadmium free nickel and nickel-hydride system will also be being researched. At present, most nickel-cadmium batteries are permanently sealed in appliances but changes are increasingly being made in regulations which should create a far far easier retrieval and recycling of nickel-cadmium batteries.

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